If you have the chance to visit the Mezzacorona wineries, you’ll immediately realize that you are in front of one-of-a-kind architecture. Forget the traditional idea of a winery you might have seen leafing through tourism & travel magazines. This is something unique.
At the beginning of 1995 Mezzacorona announced a competition for the design of its new headquarters in Mezzocorona, north of Trento, in the heart of the Alpine valley. The terms of the competition called for “special attention in adapting the project to the existing environment”. That means the winning project should have shown the link existing between the new facilities and the surrounding environment.
The landscape around Mezzacorona looks like a beautiful panting: in the background the majestic Italian Alps. Down below, the hills and the fields are graced by interlacing vine grapes while the Adige river winds gently through the valley. Vineyards, woods, rocky cliffs, terraced fields, stone walls and river curves: many different shapes that create an endless array of varying patterns.
The new project had to codify all these various families of signs, adopting a language able to create an evident connection between the buildings and the environment. This is exactly what the team of architect Alberto Cecchetto focused on with their winning entry. After a long and accurate research into the morphological elements of the natural surroundings, the designers worked on interpreting and recomposing all the various shapes in the winery architecture. The result was astonishing.
The project, named “Cittadella del Vino” (Wine Village), features three main areas, each with a specific function: the Mezzacorona winery, the Rotari sparkling wine production facilities and the office and auditorium buildings. Even though these areas are architecturally differentiated, the overall impression is that they are organically linked to form a whole. In every single detail of the structure, you can recognize the strong connection with the environment.
The most evident is the wooden roof of the winery whose shape reminds us of the waving motif of the surrounding vineyards and appears to be a physical continuation of the rows of vines.
Making use of different materials along with sophisticated forms and technologies, the architect Cecchetto and his team created a structure able to establish a convincing and original relationship with the landscape. The effort of the designers went beyond the appearances and put great attention on sustainability: just to make a few examples, 75% of the winery is underground, resulting in cooler temperatures all year round. An efficient system of water management has been built to treat waste waters, while a 500 KWp installation of solar panels covers more than 30% of the winery’s energy needs.
Mezzacorona’s state-of-the-art Cittadella del Vino can be considered an effective example of how construction and natural environment can coexist when projected with the proper criteria.